||Saying Goodbye: Clinical Practices that Soften Suffering and Promote Healing. Invited Lecture by Shibuya Longevity Health Foundation, Fukuyama, Japan.
||How to Soften Suffering with Couples Experiencing Illness? Invited Lecture by Division of Nursing Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
||Spirituality in Nursing: Myth or Reality? Invited Keynote address for Portuguese Council of Nurses, Lisbon, Portugal.
||Caring for the Family is an Ethical and Moral Obligation: What does every nurse need to know and practice?Invited Workshop by Madeira Regional Section of the Order of Nurses, Maderia, Portugal.
||What are the Spiritual Care Practices that Soften Illness Suffering? Oral presentation at European Conference on Religion, Spirituality, and Health, Coventry, United Kingdom.
||Advanced Family Nursing Externship. Invited 4 day Externship by Institute of Nursing, Zurich University of Applied Science, Winterthur, Switzerland with Dr Janice Bell.
||Softening Illness Suffering in Family Nursing: A Moral and Loving Obligation Oral Presentation at 5th Nordic Conference in Family Focused Nursing, Tampere, Finland.
|October 9 – 12
||Iceland Family Nursing Externship. Invited 4 day Externship by University of Akureyri, Akureyri, Iceland with Dr Janice Bell. Web site
||Suffering and Spirituality: Exploring Practices that Soften Suffering and Promote Healing. Invited workshop by Good Samaritan Society, Edmonton, AB, Canada.